Cats, like human beings, and every other living thing, require a lot of care. Without care and concern, cats end up developing complications, most of which are related to their health. Some cat diseases can be complicated leading to their death. However, this is a rare occurrence because majority of cat diseases require prescribe treatments for them to subside. Cat diseases occur because of many factors.
Although cats are generally clean animals, their surroundings play a major role on their health. The space that your cat occupies should be constantly cleaned to avoid creating an ideal environment for pests and parasites. Common cat parasites include ticks and internal worms. Ticks live on the skin of cats and suck out their blood. Worms on the other hand, eat the food that the cat ingests, thereby contributing to malnutrition. Without proper treatment, the cat can die in both instances.
Malnutrition comes due to two main reasons. Lack of enough food, or eating the wrong foods. House cats are usually carnivores. However, some cats have been found to enjoy other foods outside the meat category. This does not mean that a cat that enjoys the occasional toast should be given toast every day without meat. Many online sites, books and animal stores have a guiding system for the nutrition of cats.
Some diseases are not preventable. Cancer is a good example of this. When a cat gets cancer, they might have to undergo surgery, or chemotherapy to ease their pain and try to kill the cancer. However, the outcomes, like in humans, differ from one individual to another.
All life require tender love and care. A cat that has been kept in brutal captivity without much compassion cannot live a long and full life. Cats are very curious animals that require their freedom to discover things. They are also playful and should therefore be given space to play and thrive. Even though cats are independent, they still need love from their owners which can be expressed by the occasional cuddle and petting. In the lack of love or concern, a cat might easily fall into depression, which can lead to their death.
Examples of CAT Diseases and Their Treatments
Pest and Parasite Infestation
As mentioned above, cats can get parasite infestations due to poor hygiene and general neglect. Most infestations are hard to notice because they occur in hidden spots such as under fur or inside the cat’s body. Some parasites on the other hand, are microscopic and can therefore not be dealt with without medical help.
Thus, to avoid or treat infestations, make sure to maintain high cleanliness standards in the environment where your cat stays. The cat should also be washed regularly using special cat shampoos that have the ability to reach and kill parasites. Make sure to deworm your cats regularly.
Feline Leukemia is one of the most common disease among cats. The disease is spread through cat fluids such as urine, saliva and nose discharge. Cats can be infected while simply living together through sharing water bowls foods, and biting each other. The effects and conditions brought about the disease include bladder and skin infections, eye diseases and anemia.
Feline Leukemia lacks specific treatment. However, the disease is easily preventable. This is done by carrying out vaccination procedures for cats. Other ways of preventing this leukemia are by ensuring a a clean environment where your cats live and restricting exposing your cats to others by keeping them indoors.
Renal failure is another common cause of death in cats. The disease is brought about by kidney disease caused by genetics, age and environmental factors like access ingesting toxic chemicals and substances. The failure can either be acute caused by the kidney suddenly stoping its functions. On the other hand, chronic renal failure is associated with a progressive and gradual weakening of the kidney, thus inability to perform some of the functions. Some of the symptoms that result from the kidney diseases include nausea, increasing thirst levels, dehydration and excess urination.
Despite renal failure’s fatal effects, the disease can be treated. The treatment involves adjusting the diet of your cat making it become balanced. In addition, you can opt to initiate a hydration therapy. By undertaking diuresis, your cat will get enough water levels, hence avoiding the effects of dehydration. There are also other forms of medication that you may seek to ensure your cat survives for longer periods using only around 7 percent of their renal tissue
Respiratory Tract Infections
Cats like human beings, cough and sneeze. Sometimes this can be because of cold weather, dust, or inhaling fur. However, when the cough persists, it could be a sign that the cat has developed a respiratory disease.
This can be treated by getting prescription medicine from the vet. Additional treatment would be to keep the house warm during winter, vacuuming excess fur around the house and not cutting off all the fur from the cat’s body.
Cats go into depression when they’re not getting the kind of treatment they require. For example, when a cat lives its life cafes without meeting or playing with other people or animals, they may get depressed. Cats in depression display numerous signs of aggression such as avoiding contact, hissing, limited movement and not eating at all, a depressed cat may be hard to handle specially because you cannot force them back to health. You can, however seek out medical help and therapy where necessary.
In conclusion, cat diseases occur because of different factors. Most of these factors can be prevented or treated upon occurrence. However, this is not always the case. In instances where your cat gets a non-preventable disease, then it is your job as their owner to ensure they get the best medical help they need. Aside from medical treatment, make sure to shower your cat with love and affection.